By Ali Behdad
Behdad exhibits how political, cultural, and criminal texts have articulated American nervousness approximately immigration from the Federalist interval to the current day. He reads texts either well-known—J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur’s Letters from an American Farmer, Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass—and lesser-known—such because the writings of nineteenth-century nativists and of public well-being officers at Ellis Island. within the strategy, he highlights what's obscured through narratives and texts celebrating the U.S. as an open-armed haven for everybody: the country’s violent beginnings, together with its conquest of local americans, brutal exploitation of enslaved Africans, and colonialist annexation of French and Mexican territories; a routine and fierce strand of nativism; the necessity for a docile exertions strength; and the tough self-discipline meted out to immigrant “aliens” this day, rather alongside the Mexican border.